- Expert Group
The first local workshop in the Czech Republic took place in June 2013 at Charles University in Prague. Representatives of the organisations for the support of people with visual impairment (Okamžik, Tyfloservis, SONS), school psychologists with specialisation for persons with visual impairment, representatives of the police, the fire brigade and a local administration and students participated. The workshop aimed at the discussion about national crisis management for visual and hearing impaired people between experts.
The organizations that are focused on help to people with disabilities have crisis plans, evacuation and first response plans according to the law about social services for their internal instructions, but they have not created external recommendation for other organizations, public, local administration and other employers. Different experiences of the people with visual impairment in a catastrophe have appeared. Some positive but also some, where different problems appeared: fear about the separation of the dog; helping volunteers in traffic - something, that worked very well; and many others. Reflection of the strong and weak parts of the communication with rescue system members: police, fire brigade, but also medical doctors (e.g. important points of communication that are missed - addressing the person properly, activity on the side of rescue worker, explanation of future steps and plans, situation - effective communication of information, special equipment that can be a barrier in a communication, technical solutions that work and the ones that would be helpful). Important is to be aware of other factors, like the age of the person with disability.
The local workshop in Germany took place on the 19th of July 2013 at the art'otel in Cologne. 22 representatives of disability associations, universities, rehabilitation and psychosocial professionals participated. The workshop aimed the exchange about national crisis management for visual and hearing impaired people between experts.
1. Needs and support in acute crisis
Analysis of needs:
2. Mid- and long-term psychosocial intervention
Analysis of needs:
Structures and services:
The local workshop took place in Oslo, Norway. Representatives of the Norwegian Association for Blind and visually impaired, from user organizations and the professional field and from the fire- and rescue services participated.
To be blind or visual impaired: a fundamental limitation in volume and variation of experiences in the physical space, limitations in access to information, to interaction with the environment, and freedom of motion Crisis, disasters and accidents: Blind and visually impaired people has the same reactions as other people and, they have the same need for information and debriefing as all other people have Challenges & Opportunities: Lack of universal design, basic facilitation increases self-efficacy and self-reliance, unexpected obstacles, hesitates to ask for help, treatment facilities are lacking, user participation